New Delhi: A study of nearly 200 million words found that Hindi is the predominant language of India and is the most widely spoken language in the country.
The study by the Oxford Hindi Dictionary and its English translation by the University of Pennsylvania’s Institute for Linguistics and Language Science, however, suggests that there are many more languages in the world, many of which are spoken by fewer than one million people, the Associated Press news agency reported.
The Oxford Hindi dictionary said in a statement: ‘It is also true that languages are spoken all over the world and have a significant impact on society.
Hindi is one of the most commonly spoken languages in India and the most spoken of the three Hindi-medium languages in South Asia.
The majority of people in India speak Hindi and are familiar with its phonology and morphology.
‘In a society where people speak several languages at the same time, Hindi is also the lingual language of the society and it is also used as a medium of communication by a significant section of the population.’
Language diversity is also one of India’s most important political challenges and a critical source of inspiration.
‘Hindi is a diverse language and we must continue to actively promote the language, and the importance of learning it.
‘Linguists have called the diversity of languages ‘the richness of diversity’.’
Many languages are used to express emotions and ideas in everyday life, while other languages are widely used in art and literature, and in the study of science and engineering.’
The study found that many of the Hindi words used in everyday conversation were spoken by a population that was less than 10,000 people, compared to about 1.5 million in English.
Its authors said the findings ‘underscore the fact that Hindi has a great potential to change the lives of millions of people around the world’.
Hindus say they prefer to use English as the language of communication because it has a universal grammar, a word for word translation and a large number of words, according to the dictionary.’
The study confirms the need to actively work to spread Hindi as a global language, especially since Hindi is spoken by less than a million people in the Indian subcontinent,’ said the study’s lead author Professor Vinayak Raghavan, from Oxford.
‘The language has a large and diverse vocabulary, meaning that it is not limited to a few languages, but is a global and multi-lingual language.’
Although it is still not widely spoken in India, the use of Hindi in the global context is growing rapidly.’
Hindustans are not only fluent in the language but also fluent in English, so the language will become more and more widely spoken.’
It will help in the future to develop global languages that are more accessible to the global population.’
The dictionary said that the number of languages spoken in the United States has increased by about 300 million since the early 1980s, while the number spoken in China and Japan has increased at about the same rate.